Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 68-74
Design and Optimization of Press Machine in Order to Produce Sesame Oil
Abbas Akbarnia, Machine Design and Mechatronics Department, Institute of Mechanics, Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Mahdi Rashvand, Machine Design and Mechatronics Department, Institute of Mechanics, Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Received: Aug. 29, 2018;       Accepted: Mar. 1, 2019;       Published: Mar. 22, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajma.20180604.11      View  189      Downloads  55
Abstract
Due to the high demand of the Iranian people for sesame oil and also the country's high potential for land cultivation, it was necessary to design a device with desirable application that could confront this need. The used device in this research has the ability to extract high-efficiency oil as well as economically feasible. According to the results, increasing temperature cause increasing the peroxide and acidity of sesame oil. Also, increasing the temperature will reduce the moisture content of the sesame in the machine, which somewhat changes the quality and quantity of oil output from the machine. Increasing moisture content reduces the amount of peroxide and acidity of the oil, but also has an effect on the amount of extracted oil of the machine increasing the temperature increases the combustion of air oxygen with oil, which increases the amount of peroxide and acidity of the oil. Overall, preserving the quality of food is more important than quantity In order to evaluate the output of sesame oil, the peroxide and oil acidity values were measured. The test variables were also the velocity of the helix (0.4 and 0.8 Hz) and the temperature of the chamber (30 and 60°C). According to the obtained results, the highest quality of oil extracted at the speed of 40 Hz and 40°C, as well as at 0.8 Hz and 60°C of press compartment, had the lowest percentage of residual fat in the meal.
Keywords
Press Machine, Sesame Oil, Velocity, Temperature
To cite this article
Abbas Akbarnia, Mahdi Rashvand, Design and Optimization of Press Machine in Order to Produce Sesame Oil, American Journal of Mechanics and Applications. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 68-74. doi: 10.11648/j.ajma.20180604.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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